This material and any products and services may be issued or provided under various brand names in various countries by duly authorized and regulated subsidiaries, affiliates, and joint ventures of BNY Mellon, which may include any of the following. The Bank of New York Mellon, 240 Greenwich Street, New York, New York 10286 USA, a banking corporation organized pursuant to the laws of the State of New York, and operating in England through its branch at One Canada Square, London E14 5AL UK, registered in England and Wales with numbers FC005522 and BR000818. The Bank of New York Mellon is supervised and regulated by the New York State Department of Financial Services and the US Federal Reserve and authorized by the Prudential Regulation Authority. The Bank of New York Mellon, London Branch is subject to regulation by the Financial Conduct Authority and limited regulation by the Prudential Regulation Authority. Details about the extent of our regulation by the Prudential Regulation Authority are available from us on request. The Bank of New York Mellon SA/NV, a Belgian public limited liability company, with company number 0806.743.159, whose registered office is at 46 Rue Montoyerstraat, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium, authorized and regulated as a significant credit institution by the European Central Bank (ECB), under the prudential supervision of the National Bank of Belgium (NBB) and under the supervision of the Belgian Financial Services and Markets Authority (FSMA) for conduct of business rules, a subsidiary of The Bank of New York Mellon, and operating in England through its branch at 160 Queen Victoria Street, London EC4V 4LA, registered in England and Wales with numbers FC029379 and BR014361. The Bank of New York Mellon SA/NV (London Branch) is authorized by the ECB and subject to limited regulation by the Financial Conduct Authority and the Prudential Regulation Authority. Details about the extent of our regulation by the Financial Conduct Authority and Prudential Regulation Authority are available from us on request. The Bank of New York Mellon SA/NV, operating in Ireland through its branch at 4th Floor Hanover Building, Windmill Lane, Dublin 2, Ireland, trading as The Bank of New York Mellon SA/NV, Dublin Branch, which is authorized by the ECB and registered with the Companies Registration Office in Ireland No. 907126 & with VAT No. IE 9578054E. If this material is distributed in or from, the Dubai International Financial Centre (“DIFC”), it is communicated by The Bank of New York Mellon, DIFC Branch, which is regulated by the DFS and located at DIFC, The Exchange Building 5 North, Level 6, Room 601, P.O. Box 506723, Dubai, UAE, on behalf of The Bank of New York Mellon, a wholly-owned subsidiary of The Bank of New York Mellon Corporation. The Bank of New York Mellon, Singapore Branch, subject to regulation by the Monetary Authority of Singapore. The Bank of New York Mellon, Hong Kong Branch, subject to regulation by the Hong Kong Monetary Authority and the Securities & Futures Commission of Hong Kong. Whilst BNY Mellon is authorised to provide financial services in Australia, it is exempt from the requirement to hold, and does not hold, an Australian financial services licence under the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth) in respect of the financial services provided by it to persons in Australia. BNY Mellon is regulated by the New York State Department of Financial Services and the US Federal Reserve under Chapter 2 of the Consolidated Laws, The Banking Law enacted April 16, 1914 in the State of New York, which differs from Australian laws. With respect to corporate and agency trust services, this document is issued or distributed in Australia by The Bank of New York Mellon, on behalf of BNY Mellon Australia Pty Ltd (ACN 113 947 309) located at Level 2, 1 Bligh Street, Sydney NSW 2000, and relates to products and services of BNY Mellon Australia Pty Ltd or one of its subsidiaries. BNY Mellon Australia Pty Ltd is ultimately wholly-owned by The Bank of New York Mellon Corporation. The Bank of New York Mellon does not provide this product or service. None of BNY Mellon Australia Pty Ltd or its subsidiaries is an authorized deposit-taking institution and the obligations of BNY Mellon Australia Pty Ltd or its subsidiaries do not represent investments, deposits or other liabilities of The Bank of New York Mellon. Neither The Bank of New York Mellon nor any of its related entities stands behind or guarantees obligations of BNY Mellon Australia Pty Ltd. If this material is distributed in Japan, it is distributed by The Bank of New York Mellon Securities Company Japan Ltd, as intermediary for The Bank of New York Mellon. Not all products and services are offered in all countries. The information contained in this material is intended for use by wholesale/professional clients or the equivalent only and is not intended for use by retail clients. If distributed in the UK, this material is a financial promotion. This material, which may be considered advertising, is for general information purposes only and is not intended to provide legal, tax, accounting, investment, financial or other professional advice on any matter. This material does not constitute a recommendation by BNY Mellon of any kind. Use of our products and services is subject to various regulations and regulatory oversight. You should discuss this material with appropriate advisors in the context of your circumstances before acting in any manner on this material or agreeing to use any of the referenced products or services and make your own independent assessment (based on such advice) as to whether the referenced products or services are appropriate or suitable for you. This material may not be comprehensive or up to date and there is no undertaking as to the accuracy, timeliness, completeness or fitness for a particular purpose of information given. BNY Mellon will not be responsible for updating any information contained within this material and opinions and information contained herein are subject to change without notice. BNY Mellon assumes no direct or consequential liability for any errors in or reliance upon this material. This material may not be distributed or used for the purpose of providing any referenced products or services or making any offers or solicitations in any jurisdiction or in any circumstances in which such products, services, offers or solicitations are unlawful or not authorized, or where there would be, by virtue of such distribution, new or additional registration requirements. Additional information about our company is available in our annual report on Form 10-K, proxy statement, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and our current reports on Form 8-K filed with the SEC available at www.sec.gov. The terms of any products or services provided by BNY Mellon to a client, including without limitation any administrative, valuation, trade execution or other services shall be solely determined by the definitive agreement relating to such products or services. Any products or services provided by BNY Mellon shall not be deemed to have been provided as fiduciary or adviser except as expressly provided in such definitive agreement. BNY Mellon may enter into a foreign exchange transaction, derivative transaction or collateral arrangement as a counterparty to a client, and its rights as counterparty or secured party under the applicable transactional agreement or collateral arrangement shall take precedence over any obligation it may have as fiduciary or adviser or as service provider under any other agreement. Pursuant to Title VII of The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 and the applicable rules thereunder, The Bank of New York Mellon is provisionally registered as a swap dealer with the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”) and is a swap dealer member of the National Futures Association (NFA ID 0420990). All references to dollars are in US dollars unless specified otherwise. Prior results do not guarantee a similar outcome. The financial products (other than deposit products) mentioned are not insured or protected by any government, state or federal agency (including the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation), are not deposits of or guaranteed by BNY Mellon or any bank or non-bank subsidiary thereof, and are subject to investment risk, including the loss of principal amount invested. Pershing Prime Services is a service of Pershing LLC, member FINRA, NYSE, SIPC, an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of The Bank of New York Mellon Corporation (BNY Mellon). Member of SIPC. Securities in your account protected up to $500,000. For details, please see www.sipc.org. This material may not be reproduced or disseminated in any form without the express prior written permission of BNY Mellon. Trademarks, service marks, logos and other intellectual property marks belong to their respective owners. © 2020 The Bank of New York Mellon Corporation. All rights reserved.