Consumers today have more ways than ever to make financial transactions. We can secure a loan in minutes, have robots make investment decisions for us, and make payments using our smartphones and new currency types.
In the face of these advancements, banks and fintech companies are starting to collaborate, but that collaboration often fails to effectively address fundamental risks associated with money laundering and other financial crimes.
When a bank partners with a startup firm, the risks related to anti-money-laundering compliance have particularly attracted the attention of global financial services regulators. And all too often, bank leaders are nervous about pursuing a relationship or new account with a fintech company because of the AML and regulatory concerns. Monitoring a fintech partner over time can also amplify overhead spending. For example, internal AML systems often need to be adjusted to account for fintech data and relevant risks, and expanded resources may be needed to effectively perform and document ongoing due diligence of the fintech providers' adherence to AML roles and responsibilities.
Each of a bank's accounts, partnerships and other relationships with fintech companies is unique, and each requires thorough vetting and due diligence before the bank determines whether a fintech company fits into its culture, risk boundaries and strategy.
These three strategies can help banks manage AML concerns of working with a fintech partner.
Each time a new potential fintech relationship or other opportunity arises, it is far easier and more efficient to assess the new business opportunity against an existing board-approved statement of the bank's risk appetite and tolerance than it is for the compliance officer to chase down the personal opinion of key decision-makers throughout a bank.
Better yet, the bank and fintech company should have a contractual agreement about the format, frequency and content of the data the fintech company would provide, and the bank should integrate the data directly into its AML systems. A seamless integration of data within a bank's AML systems can improve both efficiency and assurance that money laundering risks are being appropriately addressed.
An agreement could include such requirements for the fintech company to meet as retaining qualified AML compliance personnel, undergoing annual AML audits performed by a bank-approved and trusted vendor and supplying ongoing AML metrics related to agreed-upon AML performance or risk indicators. Banks that clearly define such responsibilities – and, more important, monitor adherence to them over time – are more likely to be able to monitor and respond effectively to changing AML risks or deteriorating AML controls in a timely manner.
Ideally, the depth, breadth and frequency of the bank's ongoing due diligence and testing will align with the areas of elevated risk the company presents.
The age of digital disruption in the financial services industry has only begun, but unfortunately many bankers and fintech companies are partnering without addressing the relevant risks. It is time for them to collaborate to tackle the emerging AML risks of the fintech boom.
This article was written by John Epperson and Arjun Kalra from American Banker and was legally licensed through the NewsCred publisher network.
BNY Mellon is the corporate brand of The Bank of New York Mellon Corporation and may be used as a generic term to reference the corporation as a whole and/or its various subsidiaries generally. This material does not constitute a recommendation by BNY Mellon of any kind. The information herein is not intended to provide tax, legal, investment, accounting, financial or other professional advice on any matter, and should not be used or relied upon as such. The views expressed within this material are those of the contributors and not necessarily those of BNY Mellon. BNY Mellon has not independently verified the information contained in this material and makes no representation as to the accuracy, completeness, timeliness, merchantability or fitness for a specific purpose of the information provided in this material. BNY Mellon assumes no direct or consequential liability for any errors in or reliance upon this material.